Postmodern Prophet -

Israel’s Cosmic Geography

Israel’s cosmic geography was … the result of their observations and their theology. Their observations would have been no different than those of their neighbors, but their theology deviated sharply. God did not reveal to them the details of the cosmic geography of the post-Enlightenment period (which is mathematically deduced and naturalistic). He rather communicated to them about his role from the context of their own perceptions of cosmic geography. Where revelation offered no revisions, the Israelites thought about the world in terms similar to those of the cultures around them. The terminology of the Old Testament reflects this cosmic geography, and discussions of creation are based on this understanding.

John H Walton, Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (Old Testament): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, vol. 1 (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009), 12–13.